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The CHIRP Blog

Clarence Ewing: The Million Year Trip writesMusic 101: A Three Album Introduction to 1970s Disco

by Claence Ewing

With over 100 years of recorded music available to our ears, sometimes it can be tough to know where to begin exploring the art form’s many genres and styles. This series provides ideas for those interested in exploring unfamiliar genres and styles of music.

What Is It: Take a four-on-the-floor beat (or something awfully close to it), and sweeping guitars, strings, and horns as needed, keep it playing all night to sing songs about love (both physical and spiritual), happiness, and ecstacy (the mental state and/or the drug).

America has always had a fraught relationship with dance music. This was especially true with Disco, a dance craze that emerged from underground New York clubs and took over a post-Vietnam, post-Watergate USA looking for a little escapism during the mid to late 1970s. For a brief time, Everyone from the ultra-glamorous patrons of Studio 54 to grandparents in retirement homes were learning new steps and having a party that didn’t involve staring at screens all night.

But just as soon as the dance craze rose, it fell to chants of “Disco sucks!” repeated loudly and in a few cases violently, as in the notorious Disco Demolition Night of 1979. What really killed Disco? Opinions vary (and there’s probably some truth to all of them):

  • Machinations from Rock promoters who were getting squeezed out of market share and radio air time
  • An overload of truly mediocre record releases at the end of the decade, with everyone from KISS to the Rolling Stones to Dolly Parton releasing Disco-flavored albums to cash in on the trend
  • An emerging cultural conservatism leading to the Reagan Era of the 1980s that was deeply suspicious of anything as purely hedonistic as dancing and having fun
  • Much like Jazz and Rap in other decades, the general public's reflexive distaste for an art form that’s rooted in urban, Black, Brown, or (in the case of Disco) Gay culture

After the backlash, Disco retreated back to the underground, re-emerging as House, Techno, and in various revivals that last to this day.

For listeners interested in 1970s Disco  but unsure where to begin exploring, these three albums would be good places to start…

Bad Girls by Donna Summer (1979)

Beofre this album, Summer had already worked with Italian super-producer Giorgio Moroder with “I Feel Love” (1977) and “Love to Love You Baby” (1975), two tracks that burned up the charts and established the former church choir member as Queen of the Dance Floor.

Summer's most successful album, released at the end of the decade, showed a way forward for Disco to morph into a more sustainable kind of Pop, as music labels and producers discovered that attractive young women singing about sex over high-energy music can in fact be quite profitable. In that regard, Summer forged a path that singers like Madonna, Brittany Spears, and Christina Aguilera would follow in subsequent decades.

 

Nicky Siano's Legendary The Gallery: The Original New York Disco 1973-77 by Various Artists (2004 comp.)

In the early ‘70s, there was no Disco section in the record stores DJs could go to to pull dance music. They had to find material from established genres and artists like the Pointer Sisters, the Bar-Kays, Bill Withers, and The Temptations. This compilation of music spun by legendary club DJ Nicky Siano contains stellar examples of tracks from Rhythm & Blues, Funk, and even Gospel that were used to get dancers moving.

 

Saturday Night Fever by Various Artists (1977)

One of the greatest movie soundtracks ever made, this album provides the music for a perhaps surprisingly tragic story about a young man going nowhere in life who’s only outlet is the Weekend Dance Party. The compilation features the Bee Gees, the hugely successful Australian Pop trio cranking out hit after hit (“Stayin’ Alive,” “How Deep Is your Love,” “Jive Talkin’”), as well as an assortment of other artists and their most enduring work (“Disco Inferno” by the Trammps, “Boogie Shoes” by KC and the Sunshine Band, and the immortal “If I can’t Have You” by Yvonne Elliman). If music were literature, this would be Disco’s magnum opus.

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Categorized: Post Mix

Topics: disco

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